Two-year outcome of partial lacrimal punctal occlusion in the management of dry eye related to Sjögren syndrome.
To analyze the influence of thermal partial punctal occlusion on the ocular surface of dry eye related to Sjögren syndrome.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
Thirty-seven eyes of 19 patients (3 male and 16 female; 49.11 ± 14.33 years old) with keratoconjunctivitis sicca were enrolled in this study. Superior and inferior partial occlusion were performed in both eyes under topical anesthesia using thermal cautery with a sterile tip to obtain lacrimal punctum smaller than 0.5 mm. Schirmer I, break-up-time, diameter of lacrimal puncta, corneal fluorescein, and rose Bengal staining scores were analyzed before and after 24 weeks and after 24 months of the procedure. All measurements were performed under controlled climate.
The average lacrimal punctum diameter before the procedure was 0.65 ± 0.134 mm. All lacrimal puncta were successfully reduced to less than 0.5 mm after 4 weeks of the procedure. The average Schirmer I test values improved statistically after 24 weeks and maintained stable after 24 months. Average break-up-time, rose Bengal, and fluorescein staining score values improved statistically after 24 weeks and improved even more after 24 months. Average Schirmer I test, break-up-time, rose Bengal, and fluorescein staining scores showed significant improvement (p < 0.0001) after 24 months of partial thermal punctal occlusion.
Our study showed that reducing the punctum diameter to 0.5 mm can improve vital staining scores, break-up-time, and Schirmer I test in dry eye related to Sjögren syndrome.
Curr Eye Res. 2011 Jun;36(6):507-12.
Holzchuh R, Villa Albers MB, Osaki TH, Igami TZ, Santo RM, Kara-Jose N, Holzchuh N, Hida RY.
Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital das Clínicas of University of São Paulo, Brazil.