Cyclosporine A (CyA) is effective in treating chronic dry eyes and contact lens mediated dry eyes. CyA is delivered through eye drops of an oil-in-water emulsion, which has a small residence time in the eyes, leading to low bioavailability. Here we explore delivery of CyA from contact lenses to provide controlled and extended drug delivery with an increased bioavailability due to enhanced ocular residence time. Loading and release profiles of CyA from commercial contact lenses are presented to show that increase 1-DAY ACUVUE® releases CyA for about a day and extended wear silicone hydrogel (SiH) lenses release CyA for about 2-weeks. The longer duration from SiH lenses compared to the 1-DAY ACUVUE®lens is due to larger partition coefficients in the gel. A novel approach is presented for increasing release duration from the SiH lenses to the desired 1-month through incorporation of Vitamin E. The results show that Vitamin E loaded lenses can provide CyA release within the therapeutic window for a period of about a month. This pilot study demonstrates the promising potential of delivering CyA from contact lens for treatment of chromic dry eyes and contact lens mediated dry eyes.
J Control Release. 2011 Jul 2. [Epub ahead of print]
Peng CC, Chauhan A.