Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of tears and the ocular surface due to tear deficiency or excessive tear evaporation. Tear film instability is due to a disturbance in ocular surface mucin leading to a dysfunction of mucin, resulting in dry eye. In this study, we examined the effect of rebamipide, an anti-ulcer agent, on glycoconjugate production, as an indicator of mucin-like glycoprotein in cultured corneal epithelial cells. Further, we investigated the effect of rebamipide on the gene expression of membrane-associated mucins.
Confluent cultured human corneal epithelial cells were incubated with rebamipide for 24 h. The glycoconjugate content in the supernatant and the cell extracts was measured by wheat germ agglutinin-enzyme-linked lectin assay combined gel-filtration method. In the experiment on mucin gene expression, cultured human corneal epithelial cells were collected at 0, 3, 6, and 12 h after administration of rebamipide. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze the quantity of MUC1, MUC 4, and MUC16 gene expression.
Rebamipide significantly increased the glycoconjugate contents in the supernatant and cell extract. In the mucin gene expression in the cells, rebamipide increased MUC1 and MUC4 gene expression, but did not increase MUC16 gene expression.
Rebamipide promoted glycoconjugate, which has a property as a mucin-like glycoprotein, in human corneal epithelial cells. The increased production was mediated by MUC1 and MUC4 gene expression.
J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Feb 15. [Epub ahead of print]
Takeji Y, Urashima H, Aoki A, Shinohara H.
Ako Research Institute, Division of Dermatologicals and Ophthalmologicals, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. , Ako, Hyogo, Japan .